factors influencing perception the perceiver target and situation

Expectations. Are attractive peoplereally like this? Expectations are related with the state of anticipation of particular behaviour from a person. 8. 5. Motivation cannot be used as a tool to arrange job relationships in organisations. Perceivers tend to notice physical appearance characteristics that contrast with the norm, that are intense, or that are new or unusual. The main factors which effects the perceiver are : Attitudes. For example, a technical manager will expect that the non- technical people will be ignorant about the technical features of the product. Everyday different stimuli around us will be stimulating our sense organs. Therefore, unsatisfied needs or motives stimulate individuals and may exert a strong influence on their perception. For example, secure people tend to perceive others as warm supportive than those, who are more cold and indifferent. Factors Influencing Perception Notes (See Exhibit 2-1 Factors That Influence Perception) A number of factors operate to shape and sometimes distort perception. Perception: is a process by which an individual selects, organizes and interprets stimuli … The individual normally censors stimulus inputs to avoid disturbance of his existing beliefs. For example, a professor may not notice his 20-year-old female student in a bikini at the swimming pool. When a person looks at a target and attempts to interpreter what he sees, his interpretation is greatly influenced by his personal characteristics which are discussed as follows: Our need pattern play an important part in how we perceive things. In such cases, people will perceive only those items which suit their wishful thinking. Factors Influencing Perception Notes: (See Exhibit 2-1 Factors that Influence Perception) A number of factors operate to shape and sometimes distort perception. Many of these stimuli are received by our sense organs and are converted into sensations. These barriers to perception are. There are many factors that may influence the perceptions of the perceiver. Similarly, self-accepting persons perceive others as lining and accepting … The perceiver will notice the target's physical features like height, weight, estimated age, race and gender. Factors in the perceiver Attitudes Motives Interests Experience A manager's expectations of an individual affect both the manager's behaviour toward the individual and the individual's response. Of course, the initial impressions may change with the passage of time, but the saying that “First impression is the last impression” is very valued. meeting a manager in his or her office affects your impression in a certain way that may contrast with the impression you would have formed, had you met the manager in a restaurant. FACTORS INFLUENCING PERCEPTION Several factors influence how we process the perceptual inputs and transform them into outputs. Physical appearance plays a big role in our perception of others. The Pygmalion effect has been observed in work organizations as well. It is difficult to perceive the personality of a person raised in another culture because our judgement is based upon our own values. The candidate is likely to receive a more favourable evaluation if preceded by mediocre applicants, and a less favourable evaluation if preceded by strong applicants. Explain attribution theory, and list the three determinants of attribution. Thus, a fact is conceived not on what it is but what a person believes it to be. Impression Management. Perception depends not only on the physical stimuli but also on the stimuli’s relation to the surrounding field and on conditions within the individual. The elements which determines those factors (perceiver, target and situation) are stated in order to give a crystal clear idea on perception. Copyright 10. The Perceiver When an individual looks at a target and attempts to interpret what he or E.g. 124-125) Person Perception: Making Judgments About Others 9. The perceiver deciphers eye contact, facial expressions, body movements, and posture all inan attempt to form an impression of the target. (Moderat pp. Organisational setting also affects the behaviour of the people. Target. Factors Influencing Perception Perception is influenced by three key points, the perceiver itself, the situation, and the target. D. What is social perception? Characteristics of the situation. Occurs when we underestimate the influence of external factors and overestimate the influence of internal or personal factors. Similarly, if a person is scared out of wits by seeing a snake in the garden, she is likely to perceive a rope under the bed as a snake. Top 10 facts why you need a cover letter? A person’s past experiences mould the way he perceives the current situation. The situation in which the interaction between the perceiver and the target takes place has an influence on the perceiver's impression of the target. Are attractive people sociable, outgoing, independent, and strong? The major characteristics of the perceiver influencing perception are: Attitude; Motives; Interest 1. If a person is depressed, he is likely to perceive the same situation differently than if he is elated. The perceiver, who observes the target's behaviour, infers the intentions of the target. Some situations provide strong cues as to appropriate behaviour. E.g. Targets are not looked at in isolation, the relationship of a target to its background influences perception because of our tendency to group close things and similar things together. The factors that influence our perception is the perceiver, the target and the situation. The time at which we see an object or event can influence our attention, as can location, light, heat, or any number of situational factors. These factors are inside a person. 15 signs your job interview is going horribly, Time to Expand NBFCs: Rise in Demand for Talent, Principles of Management and Organisational Behaviour Topics, FACTORS INFLUENCING PERCEPTION (PERCEPTION PROCESS), In the object or target being perceived or. A number of factors operate to shape and sometimes distort perception. In organizations, we frequently hear comments that represent stereo types based on gender, age, nationality etc. People dressed in business suits are generally thought to be professionals, while employees dressed in ordinary work clothes are assumed to be lower level employees. Factors that can influence the perceiver of a situation include _____ attitudes, past experiences, and expectations. When we meet a person who is described to us as warm and friendly, we treat him differently as compared to meeting a person who is known to be cold & calculating. The propensity for the halo effect to operate is not random. This article throws light on the three important factors influencing the perceptual set, i.e, (a) Characteristics of the Perceiver, (b) Characteristics of the Perceived, and (c) Characteristics of the Situation. There are three main factors that influence people’s perception in the workplace. The major characteristics of the perceiver influencing perception are: These four characteristics greatly influence how a person perceives others in the environmental situation. The perceiver is the main point of interpretation which is influenced by attitudes, motives, interests, past experiences, and expectations. The Perceiver When an individual looks at a target and attempts to interpret what he Which factors related to the target can affect the perception process? These are the Perceiver, the Target and the Situation. The perceiver refers to the individual observing and interpreting his or her immediate environment. Attribution Stereotyping The Halo Effect. Situation: Elements in the environment surrounding an individual like time, location, light, heat etc., influence his perception. The greater the similarity, the greater the probability we will tend to perceive them as a group. The depth of conversation and choice of topics provide clues of people’s intelligence. Certainly all of them are not. the perceiver, target, and context. For example, the choice of words and precision of language can form impressions about the education and sophistication of the person.

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