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Future US, Inc. 11 West 42nd Street, 15th Floor, Visit our corporate site. Express. [See amazing photos of Titan]. Titan's surface is covered with dunes and rocks of water ice, and the moon has networks of methane lakes, rivers and seas concentrated at its poles. Thank you for signing up to Space. Saturn's moons Titan and Enceladus, however, might be better choices. Saturn and its rings are the jewel of the solar system, but the gas giant's lack of a surface means humans won't likely find a foothold there. Original article on Space.com. But this also means Saturn could be seen clearly, and it would take up a third to a half of the entire sky, McKay said. There was a problem. Despite its diminutive size, the moon has several different types of terrain to see, including craters up to 22 miles (35 km) across, plains and ridges. Without a solid surface, Saturn isn't likely a place we could ever live. Get breaking space news and the latest updates on rocket launches, skywatching events and more! (Image: © NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute). The best location for a base on Enceladus would be close to its "tiger stripes," which are cracks in the surface at the moon's south pole. Titan, the cloudy moon of Saturn, is one of the least hostile places (for humans) in the outer solar system. Saturn's largest moon Titan has a thick, smoggy atmosphere and is home to vast lakes of liquid methane, which are visible in this image as darker blotches in the moon's upper right. NY 10036. (Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Space Science Institute). Titan’s atmosphere is unbreathable, but if you were standing on Titan you would not need a pressurized space suit, only a breathing mask and protection from the cold. Titan's thick clouds occasionally rain … There was a problem. Here, giant fissures spew plumes of frozen ice particles and cold vapor into space. "If you were in the outer solar system and you had to make an emergency landing, go to Titan," NASA astrobiologist Chris McKay told Space.com. (Image: © By Karl Tate, Infographics Artist). Titan has no water, but some scientists wonder if life based on methane might live on Titan. New York, During the moon's long summer (Saturn takes 30 years to orbit the sun), its polar regions experience "Texaslike thunderstorms," McKay said. But because of Titan's low gravity (it's about 14 percent of Earth normal) and dense atmosphere, you could jump off a high spot and use your coat to glide down. In all, this region produces about 15.8 gigawatts of heat-generated power, which is roughly equivalent to the output of 20 coal-fired power plants. Visit our corporate site. "If you build your base fairly close to the tiger stripes, you might have a source of heat you could tap into," Cassini project scientist Linda Spilker told Space.com. It has lakes of liquid methane, and even weather. The sky on Titan is a perpetual hazy orange during the day (Titan's day is about 16 Earth days). Follow us @Spacedotcom, Facebook and Google+. Space is part of Future US Inc, an international media group and leading digital publisher. The planets line up from 2018 to 2022, which is perfect for an EVEE (Earth-Venus-Earth-Earth) gravity assist to launch the spacecraft towards Saturn, ETA 2029. (Image credit: NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute). And if you have a news tip, correction or comment, let us know at: community@space.com. But the moon's tiny gravity (just 1 percent of Earth's) would make walking between these features a bit difficult. Similar to Titan, the main danger of living on Enceladus is the frigid cold. Future US, Inc. 11 West 42nd Street, 15th Floor, 10°C. However, the moon doesn't have any tornadoes or other cyclones. And if you have a news tip, correction or comment, let us know at: community@space.com. Get breaking space news and the latest updates on rocket launches, skywatching events and more! Based on these facts, scientists believed the moon had a global ocean of methane, so when NASA planned the Cassini mission, they designed the Huygens probe as a boat. © Enceladus and Titan may be attractive targets for future human explorers. NY 10036. Thank you for signing up to Space. Home of the Daily and Sunday Express. [How to Live on Titan (Infographic)]. With formations that are only several hundreds of yards high, "you're not going to set records climbing mountains on Titan," McKay said. Scientists think the south pole's plumes come from a potentially life-harboring ocean located beneath the moon's 19- to 25-mile (30 to 40 kilometers) thick ice shell. Living on Titan, you'd also be safe from cosmic rays and moonquakes. Receive news and offers from our other brands? Saturn's icy moon Enceladus is home to many icy geysers at its south pole as seen in this view from NASA's Cassini spacecraft on Nov. 30, 2010. Space is part of Future US Inc, an international media group and leading digital publisher. If you lived on the side of the moon permanently facing Saturn, you could see the massive planet through the haze. It would be a long time until we send humans there, but right now, NASA is working on a TSSM (Titan Saturn System Mission), which was stated for a 2020 launch. Titan is the only moon in our solar system with a dense atmosphere and thick cloud cover. Receive news and offers from our other brands? The moon's icy surface reflects most sunlight, resulting in temperatures averaging minus 330 F (minus 201 C) throughout the day (1.4 Earth days). Titan is probably the least inhospitable place in the outer solar system, but remember to bring oxygen and warm clothing. "It's a pretty benign environment," McKay said. Saturn's icy moon Enceladus is seen with Titan, the largest Saturnian satellite, in the background in this view from NASA's Cassini spacecraft captured on Feb. 5, 2006. Please deactivate your ad blocker in order to see our subscription offer. New York, © Join our Space Forums to keep talking space on the latest missions, night sky and more! Titan's thick clouds occasionally rain down liquid methane. Please refresh the page and try again. If you lived on Titan, you wouldn't need a pressurized suit to survive; all you'd really need is an oxygen mask and very warm clothing, McKay said. Titan has a dense atmosphere of 95 percent nitrogen and 5 percent methane at 1.5 times the air pressure on Earth. In the early 1980s, the Voyager 1 spacecraft analyzed Titan's atmosphere and determined its composition (about 95 percent nitrogen and 5 percent methane), pressure (1.5 times Earth's atmospheric pressure) and temperature (minus 290 degrees F, o]r minus 179 C). 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